University entrepreneurship


For more than two decades, policy makers have recognized the economic and societal benefits of commercializing university research and knowledge. This has led to comprehensive transformation processes in public universities, based on legislative and structural reforms as well as support schemes. However, these changes substantially challenged the traditional self-concept of academics and the operating style of universities, thereby raising questions of whether and when the 'entrepreneurial university' could emerge.

Core themes

1. Why, when, and how do some individuals and not others identify and exploit entrepreneurial opportunities? More specifically, what role do entrepreneurship education, support schemes, university infrastructure and policies, and the university environment play in this milieu?

2. Why, when, and how are different modes of commercializing university research used?

Exemplary publications

Walter, S. G. & Block, J. H. (2016). Outcomes of Entrepreneurship Education: An Institutional Perspective. Journal of Business Venturing 31 (2), 216-233.

Walter, S. G., Schmidt, A., & Walter, A. (2016). Patenting Rationales of Academic Entrepreneurs in Weak and Strong Organizational Regimes. Research Policy 45 (2), 533-545.

Walter, S. G., & Heinrichs, S. (2015). Who Becomes an Entrepreneur? A 30-Years-Review of Individual-Level Research. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development 22(2), 225-248.

Schmidt, A., Walter, S. G., & Walter, A. (2013). Radicalness of Technological Inventions and Young Venture Performance—The Role of Technological Competition and Product Diversity. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 60 (4), 728-738.

Walter, S. G., Parboteeah, K. P., & Walter, A. (2013). University Departments and Self-Employment Intentions of Business Students: A Cross-Level Analysis. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 37 (2), 175-200.